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Leather is, without question, one of man’s earliest and most valuable discoveries. Leather use dates back even before the birth of civilization. The primitive man hunted for food, then made clothing, footwear and other required accessories from animal skin (hides). Needless to say that it has been in all eras and pretty much gave birth to the fashion industry today. It is a protective material has incredibly longlasting, comfortable and enduring.

Like all living tissues leather is also a decomposable material and begins rotting if left unattended for a time. To overcome this issue, people found a way to stabilize the material and make it stronger and durable for a longer period of time. This process is known as tanning.
As time progressed, new ways of tanning were discovered. The most commonly used being –
1) Chrome tanning
2) Aldehyde tanning
3) Vegetable tanning

The use of different methods is one of the leading reason as to why you can find a wide range of prices of leather in the market. As you would have already guessed not all types render the same quality, strength and durability. Needless to say that this article will also help you choose the perfect leather product for you and your environment.

Let’s begin!

1) Chrome tanning

 The reason we are beginning with the chrome type is simply because it is the most popular, controversial and disputed type of leather in the market today because:
The tanning process hardly takes a few days- making it fast and highly effective.
The resultant product is softer and of a uniform shade and texture.
Can be dyed easily into many colours.
As the tanning procedure is fairly easy and less time consuming the final product is comparatively inexpensive.
processing is much easier and requires less expertise.

Due to the above reasons, Chrome tanned leather is the most widely used type in the fashion industry (used in almost 85% of global leather production)
So in a nutshell chrome tanning gives you fast, low cost, soft leather with minimum expertise and in a wide range of colours.

But like it is said “if something sounds too good to be true, it probably is”, chrome tanned leather has some major downsides
The chromium salts used in the tanning process are proven to be carcinogenic. Therefore increasing the risk of cancer and many other skin diseases.
Chromium is an indestructible chemical. So the leather does not decompose without leaving lethal by-products after being discard. Thus leading to serious environmental pollution.

A majority of you might be thinking if we are so concerned with the environment why do we even buy leather- a commonly acclaimed cruel product.

To Answer your question, I would request you to read the article- The sad truth our world is even after having major downside still chrome tanned leather is the most commonly used in the fashion industry. This is the reason why you can find some really cheap leather products on popular websites like Amazon, eBay etc.
How do you figure out if your product is chemically tanned and your seller has lied to you?
1) The final product has a very catchy and strong chemical smell.
2) The leather is softer and has a very even texture.

2)Aldehyde Tanning

When people started talking about the side-effects of chromium tanning. The sharp business minds came up with a new type of “chromium-free” tanning which was Aldehyde tanning. Agreed chromium was not used in the process, but sadly chromium is not the only toxic chemical to be used in the world. Formaldehyde was used as the base chemical in this process. It is well known that the substance is dangerous and to make sure the toxicity of leather is controlled we need to be very careful of the procedure, which does not always happen as the tanneries are aiming for faster results.

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3)Vegetable tanning

the true “chromium-free” method as it does not use any toxic chemicals and materials. It is an age-old technique perfected through centuries of experience and uses natural occurring tannic acids found in some plants. The barks, branches, leaves and even fruits in some techniques. The total tanning process can take from one to three months.
Characteristic- the natural appearance of the leather (before being painted) is slightly brownish tinge over a beige colour It carries a characteristic natural earthy woody smell.
Disadvantages of using Vegetable tanning:
Long production time- 1-3 months
Need trained and experienced workers
High final costs

Top 10 Reasons to choose Vegetable tanned ARBOR LEATHER products?
Advantages of Vegetable tanning:

1) Being handmade, every finished product is unique and genuine.
2) The final product that reached you has a natural organic look
3) Every product takes 3-4 months to finish, giving it high durability and strength- far more efficient than the majority of cheap leather product out there.
4) Safe for your health- by investing in the right product you can save yourself from many chemically caused health risks.
5) The leather will last a lifetime and even beyond.
6) The product is biodegradable- so when you decide not to use it anymore, you are still doing your small bit in saving the planet.
7) Caramelization- Majority of leather lovers are addicted to leather due to this unique property. Leather is like wine, it gets better with age, and gets more and more unique as it ages
8) If in any case, you get bored of the product, due to its strength the leather can be used in new and interesting ways.
9) By using your unique vegetable-tanned leather product, you are consuming less and will be diminishing your footprint on the environment. Thus helping reduce pollution and making the planet better.
10) Every product carries centuries-old knowledge and culture with it. You will be acquiring a natural canvas to record your life experiences.

Now the choice is yours do you want an Arbor product which has unmatched durability, long life, uniqueness, genuinity, health safe and gives you a chance to do your bit to give back to your planet or any other cheap product that has been treated with harsh chemicals, is unbreathable, common and no longer a natural product?


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